- with G. Aldashev, A. Aldashev and M. Fodor, 2021, Economic persistence despite adverse policies: Evidence from Kyrgyzstan, The Economic Journal
- with Q. Stoeffler, M. Carter and W. Gelade, 2021, The Spillover Impacts of Index Insurance on Agricultural Investment by Cotton Farmers in Burkina Faso, The World Bank Economic Review
- with J. Gross and J.P. Platteau, 2021, Are women emancipating? Evidence from marriage, divorce and remarriage in rural Northern Burkina Faso, World Development, 146
- with J. Gross and J.P. Platteau, 2020, Buy as you Need: Nutrition and Food Storage Imperfections, Journal of Development Economics, 144
- with J.P. Platteau, 2020, The dynamics of family systems. In J.-M. Baland, F. Bourguignon, J.-P. Platteau, and T. Verdier (Eds.), The Handbook of Economic Development and Institutions. Princeton University Press.
- with E. Serfilippi and M. Carter, 2019, Certain and uncertain utility and insurance demand: Results from a framed field experiment in Burkina Faso, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 180, 731-743
- with J.-M. Baland and R. Hartwig, 2019, Now or later? The allocation of the pot and the insurance motive in fixed roscas, Journal of Development Economics, 140, 1-11
- with M. Delpierre and J. P. Platteau, 2019, Risk as an impediment to individualization of land tenure. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 67(4)
- with W. Gelade, 2018, The enforcement advantage of external monitoring: Lessons from an experiment with joint-liability groups in Burkina Faso, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 151(C): 307-325
- with G. Aldashev, 2017, Colonization and changing social structure: Kazakhstan, 1896-1910, Journal of Development Economics, 127: 413-430
- with J.P. Platteau, 2017, Transformation of African farm households: a short survey of economic contributions, Journal of Demographic Economics, 83(1): 41-50
- with J.M. Baland, I. Bonjean and R. Ziparro, 2016, The economic consequences of mutual help in extended families, Journal of Development Economics 123: 38–56.
- with G. Aldashev, 2016, Clans and Ploughs: Traditional Institutions and Productivity Decisions of Kazakhs under Russian colonization of Kazakhstan, The Journal of Economic History 76(1): 76-108.
- with J.P. Platteau and T. Goetghebuer, 2015, Productive inefficiency in extended agricultural households: Evidence from Mali. Journal of Development Economics 116: 17–27.
- with J.P. Platteau, 2015, Transformation of African Farm-cum-Family Structures, In C. Monga, and J.Y. Lin (Eds.), Oxford Handbook of Africa and Economics, Oxford University Press.
- with J.P. Platteau, 2015, Transformation of the Family under Rising Land Pressure: A Theoretical Essay, Journal of Comparative Economics, 43 112-137.
- with J.P. Platteau, 2014, The Effect of Land Scarcity on Farm Structure: Empirical Evidence from Mali, Economic Development and Cultural Change, 62(2) 195-238
- with G. Elabed, M. Bellemare and M. Carter, 2013, Managing basis risk with multiscale index insurance, Agricultural Economics, 44 (4-5).
- with G. Aldashev, 2012, Deadly anchor: Gender bias under Russian colonization of Kazakhstan, Explorations in Economic History, 49(4):399–422
- with J.M. Baland and C. Mali, 2011, Pretending to be poor: borrowing to escape forced solidarity in credit cooperatives in Cameroon, Economic Development and Cultural Change, 60 (1).
- with D. Fletschner and S. Boucher, 2010, Risk, Credit Constraints and Financial Efficiency in Peruvian Agriculture, Journal of Development Studies, 46(6)
- with Boucher S. and C. Trivelli, 2009, Direct Elicitation of Credit Constraints: Conceptual and Practical Issues with an Empirical Application, Economic Development and Cultural Change, 57(4).
- 2008 Understanding the coexistence of formal and informal credit market in Piura, Peru, World Development, 36(8).
- with S. Boucher, 2008, Risk, Credit Constraints and Productivity in Peruvian Agriculture, Agricultural Economics, 39(3).
- with S. Boucher and M. Carter, 2008, Risk Rationing and Wealth Effects in Credit Markets: Theory and Implications for Agricultural Development, American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 90(2).
- with S. Boucher, 2007, Wealth, Risk and Sectoral Choice in Rural Credit Markets, American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 89(4).
- with J.P. Platteau and Z. Wahhaj, Behind the veil of cultural persistence: marriage and divorce in a migrant community
- African Women financed by the European Research Council. Rates of domestic violence and the relative risk of premature death for women are higher in sub-Saharan Africa than in any other region. Yet we know remarkably little about the economic forces, incentives and constraints that drive discrimination against women in this region, making it hard to identify policy levers to address the problem. This project will help fill this gap. I will investigate gender discrimination from two complementary perspectives. First, through the lens of economic history, I will investigate the forces driving trends in women’s relative well-being since slavery. To quantify the evolution of well-being of sub-Saharan women relative to men, I will use three types of historical data: anthropometric indicators (relative height), vital statistics (to compute numbers of missing women), and outcomes of formal and informal family law disputes. I will then investigate how major economic developments and changes in family laws differentially affected women’s welfare across ethnic groups with different norms on women’s roles and rights. Second, using intra-household economic models, I will provide new insights into domestic violence and gender bias in access to crucial resources in present-day Africa. I will develop a new household model that incorporates gender identity and endogenous outside options to explore the relationship between women’s empowerment and the use of violence. Using the notion of strategic delegation, I will propose a new rationale for the separation of budgets often observed in African households and generate predictions of how improvements in women’s outside options affect welfare. Finally, with first hand data, I will investigate intra-household differences in nutrition and work effort in times of food shortage from the points of view of efficiency and equity. I will use activity trackers as an innovative means of collecting high quality data on work effort and thus overcome data limitations restricting the existing literature.
- Muslim Women in Migration (with J.P. Platteau ) financed by the Fond National de la Recherche Scientifique. Our research on women of Turkish origins aims to shed light on the pattern of Turkish chain migration through arranged marriages and to understand the (lack of) emancipation of these women. Since an official moratorium was called on labor immigration in Belgium In 1973, the migration dynamic has shifted and marriage became the most important migration motive. Interestingly, second generation migrants of Turkish origin predominantly choose partners in their country of origin (who then migrate to Belgium). Furthermore, a paradoxical regression of women status in migrant communities has been documented. Women whether migrant or of second generation appear to enjoy less control over their life than their female relatives who stayed in the country of origin. We have collected our own data in Brussels on a random sample of first, second and third generation women and men of Turkish origin.